Hip joint loading is the result of two major contributing factors: gravity related weight-bearing and loading generally by muscle contractions across the joint. Hip disorders of cartilage in the non-arthritic hip are often related to underlying structural anatomy of the hip joint and activity and impact in certain type of loads, not only with daily activity but in sports as well. Traditionally, cartilage lesions are treated with debridement, excision, abrasion procedures such as micro-fracture or even osteotomies (cutting of the bone) and realignment. Occasionally tears in the labrum which is a piece of cartilage around the capsule of the joint can be repaired.
A tear in the cartilage that surrounds the hip joint can cause pain and limited movement.
Injuries to the hip joint or to the surrounding tissues and bones can cause pain, stiffness, swelling and an enlarged and deformed hip joint.
When the smooth articular cartilage that surrounds and protects the hip joint‘s ball and socket wears away, bone rubs against bone which may lead to painful inflammation.
An auto-immune disease that attacks and destroys the protective cartilage that covers the surface of the joints, eventually leading to inflammation of the surrounding tissues.